Cycloidal gearboxes or reducers contain four simple components: a high-speed input shaft, a single or substance cycloidal cam, cam followers or rollers, and a slow-speed output shaft. The input shaft attaches to an eccentric drive member that induces eccentric rotation of the cycloidal cam. In substance reducers, the first track of the cycloidal cam lobes engages cam fans in the casing. Cylindrical cam followers become teeth on the inner gear, and the number of cam followers exceeds the number of cam lobes. The second track of compound cam lobes engages with cam followers on the result shaft and transforms the cam’s eccentric rotation into concentric rotation of the output shaft, thus raising torque and reducing speed.
Compound cycloidal gearboxes offer ratios ranging from only 10:1 to 300:1 without stacking stages, as in Cycloidal gearbox standard planetary gearboxes. The gearbox’s compound decrease and may be calculated using:
where nhsg = the number of followers or rollers in the fixed housing and nops = the number for followers or rollers in the gradual velocity output shaft (flange).
There are many commercial variations of cycloidal reducers. And unlike planetary gearboxes where variations derive from gear geometry, heat treatment, and finishing processes, cycloidal variations share simple design principles but generate cycloidal motion in different ways.
Planetary gearboxes are made of three fundamental force-transmitting elements: a sun gear, three or more satellite or world gears, and an interior ring gear. In an average gearbox, the sun gear attaches to the insight shaft, which is linked to the servomotor. Sunlight gear transmits motor rotation to the satellites which, subsequently, rotate in the stationary ring gear. The ring equipment is portion of the gearbox casing. Satellite gears rotate on rigid shafts connected to the earth carrier and cause the planet carrier to rotate and, thus, turn the output shaft. The gearbox provides output shaft higher torque and lower rpm.