Single-Phase Induction Motors
The single-phase motor operates under the same principle as the polyphase motor, except that the rotating magnetic field effect produced by the stator will not exist until running rpm is reached. Since no beginning torque is obtainable, a design mechanism is included to start the motor. These are the various designations:

Torque-Speed Curves of Different Single-Phase Induction Motors

Shaded-pole: Have only 1 main winding no begin winding. This configuration causes a change of the applied magnetic field in romantic relationship to the rotor, creating stating torque. Applications consist of supporters and small appliances.

Split-Phase (induction start engine)
Has two models of stator windings. The “start” windings are positioned 90 degrees to the “run” windings and shift the magnetic field of the stator, inducing beginning torque. Applications include little grinders, small fans, and blowers.

Capacitor-Start
The most typical single-phase motor used in industrial applications. It really is a modified split-phase chain sprocket electric motor with a capacitor in series with the start winding to supply a start boost. Program include small conveyors, huge blowers, pumps, and direct-drives.

Permanent-Split-Capacitor (PSC)
Uses identical primary and auxiliary windings with a capacitor to provide starting torque. They will be the most reliable single-phase electric motor because no centrifugal starting switch is necessary. Applications include fans and pumps in HVAC and refrigeration industries.